Jesuits & Freemasonry
A Few Excepts from the redoubtable:
PROOFS OF A CONSPIRACY AGAINST ALL THE RELIGIONS AND GOVERNMENTS OF EUROPE, CARRIED ON IN THE SECRET MEETINGS OF FREE MASONS, ILLUMINATI, AND READING SOCIETIES, COLLECTED FROM GOOD AUTHORITIES, BY JOHN ROBISON, A. M. PROFESSOR OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, AND SECRETARY TO THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH. George Forman, No. 64, Water-Street, NY, .
German Masonry appeared a very serious concern, and to be implicated with other subjects with which I had never suspected it to have any connection. I saw it much connected with many occurrences and schisms in the Christian church; I saw that the Jesuits had several times interfered in it; and that most of the exceptionable innovations and dissentions had arisen about the time that the order of Loyola was suppressed; so that it should seem, that these intriguing brethren had attempted to maintain their influence by the help of Free Masonry.
I have met with many particular facts, which convince me that this use had been made of the meetings of Masons, and that at this time the Jesuits interfered considerably, insinuating themselves into the Lodges, and contributing to encrease that religious mysticism that is to be observed in all the ceremonies of the order. This society is well known to have put on every shape, and to have made use of every mean that could promote the power and influence of the order. And we know that at this time they were by no means without hopes of re-establishing the dominion of the Church of Rome in England. Their services were not scrupled at by the distressed Royalists, even such as were Protestants, while they were highly prized by the Sovereign. We also know that Charles II. was made a Mason, and frequented the Lodges.
The Lodges in France naturally became the rendezvous of the adherents to their banished King, and the means of carrying on a correspondence with their friends in England. At this time also the Jesuits took a more active hand in Free Masonry than ever. They insinuated themselves into the English Lodges, where they were caressed by the Catholics, who panted after the re-establishment of their faith, and tolerated by the Protestant royalists, who thought no concession too great a compensation for their services. At this time changes were made in some of the masonic symbols, particularly in the tracing of the Lodge, which bear evident marks of Jesuitical interference.
The Knights Templars of Jerusalem, and the Knights of the Desert, whose office it was to protect pilgrims, and to defend the holy city, afforded very apt models for Masonic mimicry, because the Temple of Solomon, and the Holy Sepulchre, always shared the same fate. Many contended doctrines of the theologians had also their Chevaliers to defend them. In all this progressive mummery we see much of the hand of the Jesuits, and it would seem that it was encouraged by the church.
These cheats found it convenient to make Masonry one of their conditions, and by a small degree of art, persuaded their pupils that they were the only true Masons. These Rosycrucian Lodges were soon established, and became numerous, because their mysteries were addressed, both to the curiosity, the sensuality, and the avarice of men. They became a very formidable band, adopting the constitution of the Jesuits, dividing the Fraternity into circles, each under the management of its own superior, known to the president, but unknown to the individuals of the Lodges. These superiors were connected with each other in a way known only to themselves, and the whole was under one General. At least this is the account which they wish to be believed. If it be just, nothing but the absurdity of the ostensible motives of their occupations could have prevented this combination from carrying on schemes big with hazard to the peace of the world. But the Rosycrucian Lodges have always been considered by other Free Masons as bad Societies, and as gross schismatics. This did not hinder, however, their alchemical and medical secrets from being frequently introduced into the Lodges of simple Free Masonry; and in like manner, exorcism, or ghost-raising, magic, and other gross superstitions, were often held out in their meetings as attainable mysteries, which would be immense acquisitions to the Fraternity, without any necessity of admitting along with them the religious deliriums of the Rosycrucians.
Following Extracts Taken From
the rite of the Strict Observance [was]permeated by the Jesuitical leaven …
Catholic ceremonies, unknown in ancient Freemasonry, were introduced from 1 735 to I74o; in the Chapter of Clermont, so called in honor of Louis of Bourbon, Prince of Clermont, at .the time grand master of the Order in France. From that time, the influence of the Jesuits on the fraternity made itself more and more felt. The candidate was no longer received in a lodge, but in thecity of Jerusalem; not the ideal Jerusalem, but a clerical Jerusalem, typifying Rome. The meetings were called Capitula Canonicorum, and a monkish language and asceticism prevailed therein.
In the statutes is seen the hand of James Lainez, the second general of the Jesuits, and the aim at universal empire betrays itself, for at the reception of the sublime knights the last two chapters of the Apocalypse are read to the candidate-a glowing picture of that universal monarchy which the Jesuits hoped to establish.
The sect spread very rapidly, for when Baron Hund came to Paris
in 1742, and was received into the highest Jesuit degrees he found on his return to Germany that those degrees were already established in Saxony and Thuringia, under the government of Marshall …
Discussions at Wilhelmsbad.-The statements contained in Dr. Stark’s book, ” The Coping Stone ” (437), concerning the, influence of the Jesuits in the masonic body, formed one of the chief topics discussed. Some of the chiefs of the StriQbservance produced considerable confusion by being unable to give information concerning the secrets of
the high degrees, which they had professed to know ; or to render an account of large sums they had received on behalf of the Order. The main point was to settle whether Masonrywas to be considered as a continuation of the Order of the Templars and whether the secrets of the sect were to be sought for in the modern Templar degrees. After thirty sittings, the answer was in the negative ; the chiefs of the Strict Observance were defeated, and the Duke of Irunswick suspended the Order for three years, from which blow it never recovered. The Swedes professed to possess all the secrets; the Duke of Brunswick hastened to Upsala to learn them, but found that the Swedes knew no more than the Germans; whence new dissensions arose between the Masons of the two nations.
Hence we see the tree of division spouting from the roots of secrecy ¾ the satanic lies purposely spread in these exalted circles by occult adepts. Be mindful that these lodges are still attended by World Leaders. – oz
… a new degree, that of the “Knights of Beneficence,” which was based on the principles enunciated in St. Martin’s book, Des Erreurs et de la Verite, and the Tableau Naturel. The foundation of the new Order was attributed to the influence of the Jesuits …
Another result was a league between Masonry and the Illuminati-and it is still a matter of speculation whether these latter were not behind the Jesuits-brought about by the exertions of Spartacus or Weishaupt, who had long ago discerned the influence he could obtain by the co-operation of the Masons, whom he, of course, employed as his un-conscious tools. But Jesuitical influence, at that time, was too powerful to be overcome; they sided with, and thus strengthened the influence of, the duke; hence the opposition of Germany to the principles of the French Revolution, which broke out soon after-an opposition which was carried to its height by the manifesto of the Duke of Brunswick, so loudly praised by courtly historians, and of which the German princes made such good use as to induce the German confederacy to surround France with a fiery line of deluded patriotism. Freemasonry had been made the tool of prince- and priest-craft, though occasionally it turned the tables on the prince …
Napoleonic Freemasonry, not entirely to lose its peculiar physiognomy, ventured to change its institutions. Jesuitism cast loving eyes on it, and drew it towards itself, as in the days of the Strict Observance … the society, which in these last sixty years has already overcome and incorporated the whole Roman clergy, once its rivals, and by oblique paths also many of the conservative sects of other creeds. Murat did not succeed, but others may; and though the Masons say that Jesuitism shall not succeed, yet, how is Freemasonry, that professes to meddle neither with politics nor religion, to counteract the political and religious machinations of the Jesuits? And even if Freemasonry had thesame weapons, are there men among the Order able to them with the ability and fearlessness that distinguish the followers of Loyola? I fear not.
The Jesuits … soon poked it into Adoptive Masonry (lodges for women)-for to get hold of the women is to get hold of the better half of mankind-and founded new lodges, or modified existing ones of that rite to further their own purposes.
Thus it is that a truly monkish asceticism was introduced into some of them, by the Jesuits divided into ten degrees; and we find such passages in the catechism as these:
- “Are you prepared, sister, to sacrifice life for the good of the catholic, apostolic Roman Church?” The tenth or last degree was called the “Princess of the Crown,” and a great portion of the ritual treats of the Queen of Sheba. This rite was established in Saxony in 1779.’ For another such adoptive order, see the “Heroine of Jericho.”
… Another order of the Rose was founded in Germany in 1784 by one Francis Matthaus Grossinger (a son of a butcher, swindler and Jesuit), who ennobled himself by assuming the title of Francis Rudolph von Grossing.
The Gormogones. –This Order was founded in Englandin 1724. The names and birthplaces of the members were written in cipher, and the Order was said to have been brought by a Chinese mandarin (a Jesuit missionary) to England, it being in great repute in China (Rome), and to possess extraordinary secrets. It held a chapter at the Castle Tavern, London, but was dissolved in 1738. It is supposed to have been an attempt of the Jesuits, by the help of masonic ceremonies, to gain converts to Catholicism, and that Ramsay, the inventor of the so-called higher degrees, had something to do with it.
Earliest Secret Societies in Spain. – Even before the French Revolution there existed in Spain secret societies, some averse to monarchical government, others in favor of clerocracy. Among the latter may be mentioned the “Concepcionistas,” or “Defenders of the Immaculate Conception” who carried their zeal for Ferdinand VII and their tenderness for the Church to such a degree as to desire the return of the blessed times of the Holy Inquisition. They also sought to get hold of the management of public affairs, to turn them to their own profit; and the dismal administration of the Bourbons shows that they partly succeeded. Probably from this association arose that of the “Defenders of the Faith,” Jesuits in disguise, who in 1820 spread themselves over Spain, taking care of the throne and altar, and still more of themselves.
… Rossi’s assassination. From what I have since learnt it would seem that the clerical party and not the Carbonari, planned and executed the deed. Rossi, shortly before his death, had levied contributions [taxes] to the extent of four million scudi on clerical property, and was known to plan further schemes to reduce the influence of the Church. The reasons for attributing the death of Rossi to the Carbonari [a satanic Illuminati sect under Mazzini] or the Jesuits are of equal weight on both sides [does it matter?] …
The sect of the “Consistorials ” aimed at the preservation of feudal and theocratic dominion. The rich and ambitious patricians of Rome and other Italian states belonged to it ; Tabot, an ex-Jesuit and Confessor to the Holy Father, was the ruling spirit.
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